手机APP下载

可可英语 www.xingcancb.com

您现在的位置: 可可英语 > 英语听力 > 国外媒体资讯 > 经济学人双语版 > 经济学人综合 > 正文

经济学人:伊朗伊斯兰革命四十年(2)

来源:经济学人 编辑:Magi ?  VIP免费外教试听课 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet
 下载MP3到电脑  批量下载MP3和LRC到手机
加载中..

America has rarely been able to think clearly about Iran; not least because the regime’s followers held 52 of its citizens hostage for 444 days after seizing the American embassy in Tehran in 1979. But if Iran has recently extended its power it is in large part because of the mess caused by America’s invasion of Iraq in 2003.

美国很少能清晰考虑伊朗问题;尤其是因为1979年,伊朗政权的追随者占领了美国驻德黑兰大使馆,并将52名美国公民作为人质扣押了444天。但是如果伊朗近期扩大其权力,很大程度上是因为2003年美国入侵伊拉克所造成的混乱。
Iran is confusing and infuriating to deal with. Power is shared ambiguously between a weak president, who is elected from a field of loyalists and deals with day-to-day problems, and a nebulous revolutionary caste that controls the instruments of coercion. Sometimes Iran has proved pragmatic, for instance acquiescing in America’s overthrow of the Taliban in Afghanistan. Yet, under the supreme leader, Ali Khamenei, ideology often trumps rational policymaking. Neither confrontation nor diplomacy can reliably sway the mullahs. And neither economic carrots nor sanctions seem to work as an alternative.
伊朗令人困惑和愤怒。权力模糊分散在两处,从忠诚支持者中选出的软弱总统处理日常问题,而模糊的革命阶级控制着高压手段。有时伊朗被证明是务实的,如默许美国推翻阿富汗塔利班政权。然而,在最高领袖阿里•哈梅内伊的领导下,意识形态往往胜过理性决策。无论是对峙还是外交都不能有效撼动毛拉。经济诱饵或经济制裁似乎都不是良策。

2.jpg

That said, Mr Obama’s accord, the JCPOA, succeeded in freezing Iran’s nuclear programme in exchange for the lifting of many sanctions. Mr Trump thinks this was a terrible deal that failed to halt the nukes for good or stop Iran from stirring trouble around the region. Renewed sanctions are pushing Iran into a deep economic crisis. But re-imposing them when Iran was abiding by the JCPOA casts America as the rogue. This has deepened the split with European allies, which have created a system to help firms sidestep them. America has bound itself more tightly to autocratic Arab regimes, such as Saudi Arabia, that have themselves fomented instability and radicalism. What “moral clarity” can America claim in denouncing Iran’s human-rights abuses when it turns a blind eye to those committed by its friends?

也就是说,奥巴马的伊核协议作为解除诸多制裁的条件,成功冻结了伊朗核计划。特朗普认为这项协议很糟糕,既未能永久停止核武器,也未能阻止伊朗在该地区制造麻烦。新一轮的制裁将伊朗置于严重的经济?;?。但强迫伊朗重新遵守“伊核协议”会让美国扮演流氓角色。而这样做会加深美国与欧洲盟友的分歧,而欧洲盟友已创建了一个系统来帮助公司避开问题。美国与阿拉伯独裁政权联系更加紧密,如沙特阿拉伯,而这些国家本身会煽动不稳定和激进主义。在美国对其盟友所犯罪行熟视无睹时,其在谴责伊朗侵犯人权方面又能有什么“道德清晰度”呢?

译文由可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
accord [ə'kɔ:d]

想一想再看

n. 一致,符合
v. 使一致,调解,给予

联想记忆
confusing [kən'fju:ziŋ]

想一想再看

adj. 使人困惑的,令人费解的 动词confuse的现

 
coercion [kəu'ə:ʃən]

想一想再看

n. 强迫,威压,高压政治

 
alternative [ɔ:l'tə:nətiv]

想一想再看

adj. 两者择一的; 供选择的; 非主流的

联想记忆
extended [iks'tendid]

想一想再看

adj. 延续的,广大的,扩大范围的 动词extend的

 
caste [kɑ:st]

想一想再看

n. 印度的世袭阶级,(排他的)社会团体

联想记忆
invasion [in'veiʒən]

想一想再看

n. 侵入,侵略

联想记忆
split [split]

想一想再看

n. 劈开,裂片,裂口
adj. 分散的

 
rogue [rəuɡ]

想一想再看

n. 流氓;小淘气;凶猛的离群兽;(尤指植物的)劣种 v

 
instability [.instə'biliti]

想一想再看

n. 不安定,不稳定(性)

联想记忆
?
发布评论我来说2句

    英语学习专题

    • 英语听写训练
      听写强化训练系统有听写比对,按句停顿,中文翻译、听写错词提示等特色功能.
    • 经济学人中英双语版
      提供经济学人中英双语版文章、音频、中英字幕,类别包括文艺、人物、科技、商业等..
    • 可可英语微信:ikekenet
      关注可可英语官方微信,每天将会向大家推送短小精悍的英语学习资料..

    可可英语官方微信(微信号:ikekenet)

    每天向大家推送短小精悍的英语学习资料.

    添加方式1.扫描上方可可官方微信二维码。
    添加方式2.搜索微信号ikekenet添加即可。