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新奇事件簿(翻译+字幕+讲解):基因决定身材

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New research suggests that people's genes are key to helping them stay slim. A study from Cambridge University in the U.K. discovered that thin people had DNA that contained variants which helped them stay slim and fewer variants linked to being overweight. Researcher Sadaf Farooqi, professor of metabolism and medicine, said: "We've found that there are genes associated with thinness." She added: "Genes play at least 40 per cent of a role in people's weight. It's much more than people realize." This might help explain why some people are naturally skinny while others have big problems with keeping their weight down and seem to pile on the pounds so easily.

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基因决定身材.jpg
The study is published in the journal PLOS Genetics. The researchers said they undertook the study to find out why so many people struggle with their weight. Over 30 per cent of American adults are obese, while a staggering 94.5 per cent of adults on the South Pacific island of Nauru are overweight. Professor Farooqi said she wanted to help people who are struggling with their weight. She said: "It's easy to rush to judgment and criticize people for their weight, but the science shows that things are far more complex." She added: "Healthy, thin people are generally thin because they have a lower burden of genes that increase a person's chances of being overweight and not because they are morally superior."

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重点单词   查看全部解释    
judgment ['dʒʌdʒmənt]

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n. 裁判,宣告,该判决书

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complex ['kɔmpleks]

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adj. 复杂的,复合的,合成的
n. 复合体

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criticize ['kritisaiz]

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vt. 批评,吹毛求疵,非难
vi. 批评

 
contained [kən'teind]

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adj. 泰然自若的,从容的;被控制的 v. 包含;遏制

 
pacific [pə'sifik]

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n. 太平洋
adj. 太平洋的
p

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genetics [dʒi'netiks]

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n. 遗传学

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superior [su:'piəriə]

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n. 上级,高手,上标
adj. 上层的,上好

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关键字: 基因 身材

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